Every year, the IIHS (Insurance Institute for Highway Safety) awards vehicles with safety ratings. There are two different aspects of safety that they measure all vehicles by: 1.Crashworthiness, how well a vehicle protects its passengers in the event of a crash, and 2.Crash avoidance and mitigation, technology that can prevent a crash from occurring, or lessen the severity of the crash. To determine crashworthiness, IIHS rates vehicles in the following categories: good, acceptable, marginal, or poor. These categories are based on performance in five tests: moderate overlap front, small overlap front, side, roof strength, and head restraints. To determine the success of crash avoidance and mitigation, IIHS assigns vehicles that are equipped with front crash prevention systems ratings of basic, advanced, or superior, which are based on the type of system and performance in track tests.
There are also two different levels of awards that vehicles can receive from the IIHS. First is the “Top Safety Pick”, for a vehicle to qualify for this it must earn good ratings in the following categories: moderate overlap front, side, roof strength, and head restraint tests. The vehicle must also receive a good or acceptable rating in the small overlap front test. The second level that a vehicle can achieve is “Top Safety Pick +”, and for a vehicle to qualify it must meet the criteria for the “Top Safety Pick” as well as earn a basic, advanced or superior rating for front crash prevention.
With the qualifications, only a few select vehicles earned a safety award this year, compared to years before. You will be happy to know that three Honda models have been given the “Top Safety Pick” award for 2014: the Civic, Accord, and Odyssey. Check out the link below to see all the details.